סמינר בחוג לגיאופיזיקה: Bifurcated Tropical Convergence Zones
Prof. Ori Adam, Hebrew University
Tropical rain bands lie along near-surface convergence zones where the lower branches of the meridional overturning circulation intersect. In the present climate, tropical rain bands exhibit a bifurcated pattern, continuously forming along single intertropical convergence zones (ITCZs) in some regions, and along double ITCZs that straddle the equator in other regions. Since the tropical overturning circulations in regions dominated by single and double ITCZs are inextricably linked, a theory of the zonally varying tropical rain belt requires consideration of the bifurcated ITCZ pattern (i.e., concurrent single and double ITCZs) as a whole. In this paper, a classical simple model of the tropical circulation is used to gain a conceptual understanding of the bifurcated ITCZ pattern. It is found that the bifurcated ITCZ pattern emerges in the limit of strong mechanical damping. In addition, when surface winds are coupled to ocean heat transport, an equatorial cold tongue emerges which modulates the intensity and regional characteristics of the bifurcated ITCZ pattern in a manner consistent with observations.
מארגן הסמינר: פרופ' איל חפץ