סמינר מחלקתי בגאוגרפיה וסביבת האדם: פתיחת שנה"ל, תכנית מ"א
Dr. Jonathan Rokem, University College London
ברכות: פרופ' טובי פנסטר, ראשת החוג
The Role of Public Transport Infrastructure in Bridging the 'Contested City': Segregation, Mobility and Encounter in Jerusalem and Stockholm
In this lecture I share some of the concluding findings from the Contested Urbanism, Marie Curie - Horizon 2020 EU funded project (2015-2017). The research has assessed how urban segregation is shaped and transformed by Jerusalem and Stockholm’s public transport networks, enhancing mobility, division and potential group encounters. The research suggest that segregation should be understood as an issue of mobility and co-presence in public space, rather than the static residential-based segregation that continues to be a central focus of debate in most urban studies and planning literature. The study explores public transport infrastructures, considering how their implementation reflects the variety of ways that transport can have impact: segmenting populations, linking populations and/or creating spaces for interaction or conflict between populations.
Space syntax network analysis suggests that in the case of Jerusalem, access to public transport is multi-dimensional: as well as providing access to resources, it shapes opportunities for spatial mobility that may either overcome or reinforce area-based housing segregation. In Stockholm, the city’s spatial configuration has resulted in constraints on access to public transport and consequentially, on the mobility of diverse immigrant populations located in the urban peripheries to the centre. Coupled with a high level of social deprivation amongst new immigrants, the result is a multi-dimensional spatial segregation process, potentially reinforcing ethnic and socio-economic area-based housing segregation. I discuss these opportunities and constraints in Jerusalem and Stockholm in the light of an on going and increasingly-fractured-urban-reality in both cities.
מרכז הסמינר: פרופ' יצחק אומר